The IPCC is a scientific intergovernmental body set up by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). The IPCC was established to provide the decision-makers and others interested in climate change with an objective source of information about climate change. The IPCC does not conduct any research nor does it monitor climate related data or parameters.
UNEP is the designated authority of the United Nations system on environmental issues on a regional and global level. Its mandate is to coordinate the development of environmental policy consensus by keeping the global environment under review and bringing emerging issues to the attention of governments and the international community focusing on climate change.
The WMO is the UN system’s authoritative voice on the state and behaviour of the Earth’s atmosphere and its interaction with the oceans, the climate and water resources. WMO has a leading role in the coordination of international climate issues.
The World Bank works in the climate area to finance investments that can help developing countries in eventually achieving a sustainable economy and strategy for climate change.
In climate change matters the International Monetary Fund works closely with UN agencies and the World Bank. The IMF focuses on providing advice to member countries where climate change can have a significant impact on economic and financial stability.
WHO supports member states in protecting public health from the impacts of climate change. WHO is currently developing a global strategy that outlines the overarching framework for the international response to protect health from climate change.
FAO’s role is to assist member countries, in particular developing countries which are vulnerable to climate change, to enhance their capacities to confront the negative impacts of climate variability and change on agriculture.
UNIDO works to support sustainable industrialization focusing on issues of technology transfer, development of small scale businesses, promotion of technology and investment and environmental management in industry.
As the United Nations’ global development network, UNDP’s goal is to align human development and climate change management efforts by promoting mitigation and adaptation activities that do not slow down but rather accelerate global socio-economic processes.
The main role of UNCTAD in addressing climate change is to help developing countries master the trade and development implications and take advantage of emerging trade and investment opportunities.
WFP works to help people adapt and respond to situations whenever and wherever droughts, floods, cyclones and tsunamis hit. Such natural disasters have doubled in number in the past decade alone.
UNDESA is part of the UN secretariat and facilitates the negotiations of Member States in many intergovernmental bodies that address the climate challenge.